History of technology rain jackets
[From intestines to Gore-Tex]

History of technology rain jackets

[From intestines to Gore-Tex®]

People always tried to stay dry by any means available for thousands of years. And, with the advent of the wonder materials, like Gore-Tex, even drier for the last few decades. The link, read the overall view on how it worked.
ANCIENT HISTORY

Hunting with a spear in the open ocean on a kayak, in some of the worst weather conditions on the planet, the Eskimos just had to be serious about in order to stay dry. And they found water-resistant, and even breathable material to dress in — seal and whale intestines.

The same as inside your intestines, animals need retention
of fluids in the stomach, while the nutrients are absorbed into their bodies.Based at Gore-Tex is the same idea —
you remain dry, if the material is not only moisture but also allows sweat to evaporate.


And the similarity with modern technology does not stop there. The Eskimos did glue from the bones to connect and seal the seams between the tissues.

These methods have led to rather productive functions of clothing. The Inuits tested them by filling with water and made sure nothing was leaking. The jacket was also thin and light. Not even just thin, and transparent.

At this time in America, people opened up wood rubber to impregnate his clothes and shoes from moisture. In China and,
according to some, in Neolithic Europe, used other waterproof and breathable membrane for cloaks — grass and leaves.

Animal fur is also by nature water resistant and has insulation properties when wet, thanks fur the structure that helps the water drain, and natural oils allow it to soak through.
People engaged in weaving wool into clothing, which naturally protects from rain from 1900 BC.
The Chinese were one of the first innovators in makeney tissues.
By saturating the silk with vegetable oils, they were able to make
it vlagoustoychivy and stronger, while maintaining ease and flexibility. Even today you can still buy the umbrellas of oiled silk; they are the best in its kind.

ANCIENT HISTORY

Hunting with a spear in the open ocean on a kayak, in some of the worst weather conditions on the planet, the Eskimos just had to be serious about in order to stay dry. And they found water-resistant, and even breathable material to dress in — seal and whale intestines. The same as inside your intestines, animals need retention of fluids in the stomach, while the nutrients are absorbed into their bodies.
Based at Gore-Tex is the same idea — you remain dry, if the material is not only moisture but also allows sweat to evaporate. And the similarity with modern technology does not stop there. The Eskimos did glue from the bones to connect and seal the seams between the tissues.
These methods have led to rather productive functions of clothing. The Inuits tested them by filling with water and made sure nothing was leaking.
The jacket was also thin and light. Not even just thin, and transparent.

At this time in America, people opened up wood rubber to impregnate his clothes and shoes from moisture.

In China and, according to some, in Neolithic Europe, used other waterproof and breathable membrane for cloaks — grass and leaves.
Animal fur is also by nature water resistant and has insulation properties when wet, thanks fur the structure that helps the water drain, and natural oils allow it to soak through.
People engaged in weaving wool into clothing, which naturally protects from rain from 1900 BC.
The Chinese were one of the first innovators in makeney tissues. By saturating the silk with vegetable oils, they were able to make it vlagoustoychivy and stronger, while maintaining ease and flexibility. Even today you can still buy the umbrellas of oiled silk; they are the best in its kind.

SAILORS
Sails of ocean ships were made originally of linen, and then cotton. By soaking the canvas in linseed and similar oils, the sailors did their proverbial "oilskin" clothing. It is protected from sea spray and rain, but was heavy, hard, and, as a result, are not practical.

This is what has created clothing from waxed cotton, which is relevant to this day. When it was industrialized in Scotland in the 1800s, the cotton used became denser the weave and natural oils that have a low melting temperature and in hot weather could leak, was replaced by paraffin oil that holds a waxy form at normal temperatures. It is absorbed through the cotton, filling its pores so that they do not absorb water, and repel it from its surface — as high-tech materials. The oil also increases the tensile strength of cotton fibers, making the whole body clothing has become stronger and more durable.
How much oil can make the cotton stronger? Well, it will not protect from a fairly serious motorcycle accident, but it was a choice on fabric for off-road riding in the 1960-ies. A tale about how the material stops the claws and teeth of large animals in Africa are in abundance to this day.

SAILORS

Sails of ocean ships were made originally of linen, and then cotton. By soaking the canvas in linseed and similar oils, the sailors did their proverbial "oilskin" clothing. It is protected from sea spray and rain, but was heavy, hard, and, as a result, are not practical.

This is what has created clothing from waxed cotton, which is relevant to this day. When it was industrialized in Scotland in the 1800s, the cotton used became denser the weave and natural oils that have a low melting temperature and in hot weather could leak, was replaced by paraffin oil that holds a waxy form at normal temperatures. It is absorbed through the cotton, filling its pores so that they do not absorb water, and repel it from its surface — as high-tech materials. The oil also increases the tensile strength of cotton fibers, making the whole body clothing has become stronger and more durable.
How much oil can make the cotton stronger? Well, it will not protect from a fairly serious motorcycle accident, but it was a choice on fabric for off-road riding in the 1960-ies. A tale about how the material stops the claws and teeth of large animals in Africa are in abundance to this day.

In 1823, a chemist in Scotland have patented a way of linking two pieces of material together with rubber dissolved in kerosene. The advantage of this method was fully water/wind protection for the unique character of rubber, but unlike previous attempts in protezirovanie clothing, this three-layer method gave McIntosh: the result looked good, was soft and flexible sensitivity.

Still, this previously dissolved Indian rubber was imperfect. Stitching it together to give shape to the garment, the rubber was pierced, and this allowed water to get inside, as natural oils eventually just degraded. Also, in cold weather it became stiff and melted, if you allow him to stay long in the sun. This issue was solved with the invention of vulcanized rubber by Charles Gooderham in 1839, and the Macintosh has remained an icon of rain in our day.

CHARLES MACKINTOSH AND HIS RUBBERIZED COAT

CHARLES MACKINTOSH AND HIS RUBBERIZED COAT

In 1823, a chemist in Scotland have patented a way of linking two pieces of material together with rubber dissolved in kerosene. The advantage of this method was fully water/wind protection for the unique character of rubber, but unlike previous attempts in protezirovanie clothing, this three-layer method gave McIntosh: the result looked good, was soft and flexible sensitivity.

Still, this previously dissolved Indian rubber was imperfect. Stitching it together to give shape to the garment, the rubber was pierced, and this allowed water to get inside, as natural oils eventually just degraded. Also, in cold weather it became stiff and melted, if you allow him to stay long in the sun. This issue was solved with the invention of vulcanized rubber by Charles Gooderham in 1839, and the Macintosh has remained an icon of rain in our day.

FROM THE TRENCHES OF THE FIRST WORLD WAR TO HIGH FASHION

However, the Mac almost wasn't breathing at all, which made them quite unsuitable for outdoor recreation, mountaineering, or of war in rainy Europe. So, a company called Burberry introduced a new material Gabardine, in essence, very lightweight, tightly woven wool that naturally repels water while remaining breathable. To further the ability of removal of heat and perspiration from the body, were added ventilation across the back and under the arms.

At the beginning of the First World war, the British army signed a contract with Burberry, making some changes to D-Ring and shoulder epaulets, and armed their soldiers fighting in the trenches. Thus was born the trench coat. And today it is still fashionable.

However, wool was expensive and scarce product during and after the Second world war. Even the coat is not fully waterproof in the modern sense. Is to dunk it in water and it soaked through. Significant progress has been made in materials derived from petroleum, and things made from it was much cheaper to produce.

Did vinyl raincoats that are light, thin, flexible, fully windproof and waterproof, but not breathable. Vinyl is so cheap to produce that even today you can buy a poncho out of it for about $ 5.

MASS PRODUCTION

FROM THE TRENCHES OF THE FIRST WORLD WAR TO HIGH FASHION

However, the Mac almost wasn't breathing at all, which made them quite unsuitable for outdoor recreation, mountaineering, or of war in rainy Europe. So, a company called Burberry introduced a new material Gabardine, in essence, very lightweight, tightly woven wool that naturally repels water while remaining breathable. To further the ability of removal of heat and perspiration from the body, were added ventilation across the back and under the arms.

At the beginning of the First World war, the British army signed a contract with Burberry, making some changes to D-Ring and shoulder epaulets, and armed their soldiers fighting in the trenches. Thus was born the trench coat. And today it is still fashionable.
MASS PRODUCTION

However, wool was expensive and scarce product during and after the Second world war. Even the coat is not fully waterproof in the modern sense. Is to dunk it in water and it soaked through. Significant progress has been made in materials derived from petroleum, and things made from it was much cheaper to produce.

Did vinyl raincoats that are light, thin, flexible, fully windproof and waterproof, but not breathable. Vinyl is so cheap to produce that even today you can buy a poncho out of it for about $ 5.

GORE-TEX REVOLUTION
By 1969 was a wide selection of rain clothes. Waxed cotton was waterproof and breathable, trench coats look beautiful, and vinyl was cheap. But none of them combines light weight with good breathability and performance. Then it's time for Gore-Tex.
Gore-Tex is a thin fluoropolymer (PTFE) membrane that repels water in the form of drops, and passes it in the form of steam. The membrane itself has low strength, so it needs to be sandwiched between the outer and inner layers, protected from abrasion and punctures on the one hand and be comfortable with the other. This three-layer approach similar to that used by the Mac, and now exists as the best waterproof clothing, manufactured since then.
GORE-TEX REVOLUTION

By 1969 was a wide selection of rain clothes. Waxed cotton was waterproof and breathable, trench coats look beautiful, and vinyl was cheap. But none of them combines light weight with good breathability and performance. Then it's time for Gore-Tex.

Gore-Tex is a thin fluoropolymer (PTFE) membrane that repels water in the form of drops, and passes it in the form of steam. The membrane itself has low strength, so it needs to be sandwiched between the outer and inner layers, protected from abrasion and punctures on the one hand and be comfortable with the other. This three-layer approach similar to that used by the Mac, and now exists as the best waterproof clothing, manufactured since then.
SUPER MODERN FABRICS AND THE FUTURE

This is the first Gore-Tex membrane had about 9 billion pores per square centimeter, each of which in size corresponds approximately to 1/20,000 the size of the droplets of water. This is what allowed the rain to roll, and sweat to evaporate.

Today, there are several similar, like Tyvek is waterproof and breathable, but not terribly persistent, in terms of clothing, it's still the same three-layer method, not more. Innovations come in the form of new membranes which may be more breathable, stretchy, better protect from the wind, to have less weight or any other advantages to your taste. The upper and lower layers, and, in fact, the clothing itself must evolve to the next stage of development.


And we are able to do it. A new method, developed by startup Voormi, finally oust trekkingov by weaving these very water-repellent and windproof membrane, creating a uniform layer that will help to achieve maximum comfort, insulation, and a protective layer, becoming lighter, softer, and more comfortable clothing. Imagine your favorite sweater from marinovki wool has the same features as a climbing jacket, due to the fact that the membrane is already woven into its composition. Artfully, isn't it?

Source : GIZMODO

SUPER MODERN FABRICS AND THE FUTURE

This is the first Gore-Tex membrane had about 9 billion pores per square centimeter, each of which in size corresponds approximately to 1/20,000 the size of the droplets of water. This is what allowed the rain to roll, and sweat to evaporate.
Today, there are several similar, like Tyvek is waterproof and breathable, but not terribly persistent, in terms of clothing, it's still the same three-layer method, not more. Innovations come in the form of new membranes which may be more breathable, stretchy, better protect from the wind, to have less weight or any other advantages to your taste. The upper and lower layers, and, in fact, the clothing itself must evolve to the next stage of development.
And we are able to do it. A new method, developed by startup Voormi, finally oust trekkingov by weaving these very water-repellent and windproof membrane, creating a uniform layer that will help to achieve maximum comfort, insulation, and a protective layer, becoming lighter, softer, and more comfortable clothing. Imagine your favorite sweater from marinovki wool has the same features as a climbing jacket, due to the fact that the membrane is already woven into its composition.
Artfully, isn't it?

Source : GIZMODO